According to ETHNICITYOLOGY.COM, Venezuela is a tropical country, which has geographical features in common with other nations of the American Continent, as well as Africa, Asia and Oceania, which are located between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, both in the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Its location favors that the continental and insular territory present varied tropical climates, with great natural potentialities of solar energy renewable, expressed in lush and varied vegetation in hot and humid environments. It presents a great physiographic diversity, originated by the occurrence of 27 climatic zones, 12 types of natural vegetation, 23 types of relief and 38 large geological units, with a soil cover that has a wide variety of characteristics and qualities.
Located in the north of South America, Venezuela offers a vast range of possibilities to satisfy the most curious of tourists. Beaches, mountains, plains, deserts and jungles occupy the national territory of an area of 916,445 km2
The country also has a solid infrastructure of services that greatly favors the development of tourism, facilitating the access and permanence of the visitor, such as five airports with facilities for the reception of international flights; a wide road network; a hotel plant close to the four hundred tourist hotels of various classifications and another 1,600 establishments of the motel, lodging and inn type, a number still limited for the growing demand of international tourism. In this sense, the Venezuelan State promotes policies that facilitate national and foreign investment in tourism projects and hotel developments, which will shortly expand this offer.
Along with the development of hotel tourism, tourism activities related to the enjoyment of the environmental diversity of our territory have increased; This is how adventure tourism has found a suitable field for its development in the jungles of the Orinoquia, in the Andean mountain ranges, in the mighty rivers and immense plains savannahs, the great extensions of National Parks, just over 15% of the territory, The numerous caves and coral beds of the islands are also suitable for the development of adventure and scientific tourism.
Being a Caribbean country, it is also Andean, Atlantic and Amazonian. Due to this, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) places Venezuela among the six countries with the greatest diversity in the American Continent. More than 40% of the territory is under the conditions of Protected Zones, Refuges and Fauna Reserves, Natural Monuments and Forest Reserves. There are 43 National Parks and 20 Natural Monuments that occupy approximately 16% of the territorial extension.
The climates are isothermal, that is, they do not present major differences in average monthly temperatures. Annual rainfall determines the existence of two seasons: the rainy or winter season (May-October) and the dry or summer season (November-April). However, a temperate climate is maintained and in Caracas, Capital of the Republic, it is always spring.
The art and culture popular in Venezuela, are different according to the region where they appear, because our country is a melting pot of races and cultures. Each area has its own music, crafts, gastronomy and people. For this reason, it is difficult to speak in Venezuela of a single popular culture, since it is very varied and rich. The evolutionary process of contemporary Venezuelan culture derives from pre-Hispanic, Hispanic and African roots, consolidated in the colonial centuries. Cultural specificity has been achieved through an intense process of transculturation and miscegenation.
The passage of time has left a cultural legacy of various indigenous ethnic groups with their rock art, basketry, pottery and a rich oral tradition.
The national dance, the joropo, and their respective popular instruments, such as the cuatro, the harp, and the maracas, are associated with the llanero’s ways of life; Likewise, on the central coast the African influence is reflected in the dances accompanied by drums and other instruments of African origin.
Venezuela has an important artistic, scenic and musical cultural movement.
The arts and crafts are very important in Venezuela. The most prominent cultural feature is the music, a mix of local, European and African rhythms.
The theater is gaining popularity and the literary scene is very active, especially among the young generations.
Celebrations and Festivities
There are many celebrations that take place in Venezuela as part of its wide cultural diversity. The following celebrations and traditional parties stand out:
- Traditional festivals of Aragua
- Traditional festivals of Barinas
- Guarico traditional festivals