Valencia [va lεntsia also va lεnsia, Spanish ba lenθ a, Catalan ba lens a ], [ba lεns a], capital of the state Zulia, Venezuela, 490 m above sea level in the Coastal, as a metropolitan area (2019) 1.6 million residents.
Archbishopric; University (founded 1882); Museums (art, history and anthropology), libraries, theaters; third largest city and one of the most important industrial centers of Venezuela (metal processing, automotive, ceramic, food industry, production of fertilizers, chemicals, etc.); Motorway to Puerto Cabello port and Caracas, subway (since 2006), international airport (Arturo Michelena); 15 km east of the city of Lake Valencia.
Valencia was founded in 1555 by Spanish colonialists. During Venezuela’s aspirations for independence, fighting broke out around Valencia at the beginning of the 19th century (the decisive battle  took place near Carabobo, south of Valencia), and the city was the capital of the republic three times (1812, 1830 and 1858). With the industrialization based on oil production, the city experienced rapid growth (1950: 91,700 residents, 1981: 601,700 residents, 2019: 1.6 million residents).
Barquisimeto [-ki-], capital of the state of Lara, Venezuela, 522 m above sea level, at the northeastern end of the Andes, conveniently located on the Carretera Panamericana (Panamerican Highway), 1.05 million residents; Archbishopric; several public and private universities, polytechnic university; Trade center of an agricultural area, machine and electrical industry, metal processing, spirits and food industry; Motorway and rail links to the port city of Puerto Cabello.
Founded as Nueva Segovia by the Spaniards in 1552; was badly hit by an earthquake in 1812. 1830–81 Barquisimeto was the capital of the state of Barquisimeto.
Ciudad Guayana [s u DAD], an industrial city in Ostvenezuela, at the mouth of Caroní in the Orinoco River 837 400 residents. In the district of San Félix, iron ore from the open-cast mine near El Pao has been shipped since 1950, in the district of Puerto Ordaz (with a technical college and university; bishopric) iron ore has been shipped from Cerro Bolívar and San Isidrosince 1954(rail transport; ports accessible for ships up to 80,000 GT). In the industrial zone of Matanzas there are iron, steel and aluminum plants (mainly process imported aluminum oxide) as well as a ferrosilicon plant, among others. Industry. There are also three small industrial areas. The energy supply is provided by the power station on the Caroní (Guri) as well as oil and gas from the eastern Llanos (El Tigre). From 2005/06 a bridge will cross the Orinoco near Ciudad Guayana. International Airport.
Ciudad Guayana was created in 1961 through the merger of the port towns of San Félix (east of the Caroní) and Puerto Ordaz (opposite San Félix, connected to it by two bridges) and the large industrial site of Matanzas (west of Puerto Ordaz).
Venezuela is an interesting country that you should definitely visit. There are some old sacred buildings to be seen in the various cities of Venezuela, e. B. the cathedral of the city of Coro, which was built in 1583. The Chiesa de San Clemente in the same town is also worth a detour. But you should also have seen the magnificent cathedral of Ciudad Bolivar from the 17th century. Other interesting churches are the Caracas Cathedral and thechurchfrom San Francisco.
The city of Caracas hardly has any historical buildings left to visit, as most of them were destroyed in an earthquake. The city is considered to be one of the most modern in the whole ofSouth America.
Even if you are not a student, you should definitely visit the university quarter Ciudad Universitaria. Most of the buildings there were designed by the well-known architect Carlos Raul Villanueva. There are also many works of art by well-known artists such as Hans Arp, Miquel Arroyo or Alexander Calder to visit. There are two historic theaters in the city that are definitely not to be missed. One would be the Pantheon and the other the city theater. A visit to the Capitol is also recommended.
Ciudas Bolivar is best known through the independence fighter Simon Bolivar. There you can also visit his grave and also some historical accommodations of his men, which are now listed as monuments. It is worth taking a detour to the House of Governors. The house dates from the end of the 18th century.
Coro is the second oldest city in the country (founded in 1527). It was the capital of Venezuela for a long time, but then lost its importance. Only in the 18th century, when smuggling was in high season, did the city regain its importance. There are a large number of colonial buildings in Coro, which give an indication of Coro’s earlier importance. Since 1993 the city has been included in the list of world cultural heritage by UNESCO.
Nature lovers also get their money’s worth in Venezuela. There is a fantastic flora and fauna to experience here. Therefore, you should definitely see the Canaima National Park. Here you can visit the highest waterfall on earth. In addition, various animal and plant species are endemic. The park is rightly on the UNESCO World Heritage List.