Saint John is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick. It is located 105 km south of Fredericton on the northern coast of the Bay of Fundy. Saint John is home to the New Brunswick Museum, the oldest in the province. It was established as a provincial museum in 1929 on the basis of collections that the geologist Dr. Abraham began to collect in 1842. These were mainly rocks and minerals. Today, the Museum of New Brunswick occupies 3 floors with numerous galleries. It contains one of the largest collections of 19th century applied art from the Maritime Provinces of Canada., The Great Hall of the Whales, featuring wildlife from the Bay of Fundy and the Gulf of St. Lawrence, geological and biological collections, as well as collections of paintings, furniture, ceramics and much more. Be sure to visit the St. John’s waterfront, home to North America ‘s oldest shopping center. Its building was built in 1876. Until now, the entrance to the shopping center is crowned with massive iron gates. This is a great place for shopping, there are grocery stores, souvenir shops, cafes and bars. Twice a day in the city at the mouth of the St. John River, a world-famous unique phenomenon called Reversing Fallstakes place. The tidal forces of the Bay of Fundy “make” the waters of the St. John River flowin the opposite direction: first, the flow of the river subsides, then stops, and then completely changes its direction. The reverse current can be seen with your own eyes, it is most noticeable near the coast and near the stones. There are beaches in Saint John on the coast of the Bay of Fundy. The most popular beaches are Dominion Park, Lakewood Reservoir and Mispec. The waters of the Bay of Fundy, even in summer, warm up to only +15 degrees, so the beaches are mostly a place for picnics.
In the vicinity of the city of St. John is Rockwood Park – one of the largest municipal parks in Canada. It covers an area of 890 hectares. There are about 10 lakes with beaches where you can swim and sunbathe in the summer. The park also houses a zoo with about 35 species of exotic animals. Tours of the Bay of Fundy depart from Saint John. The Bay of Fundy is known for having the highest tides in the world, reaching up to 16 m. It is a narrow bay 290 km long. 15 species of whales live in its waters, including humpback and blue whales, beluga whales and killer whales, and 34 species of birds have been recorded on the coasts. Over the millennia, tidal forces have formed bizarre formations with arches and caves from coastal rocks. They can be seen in The Rocks Provincial Park. Interesting IrvinePark in the vicinity of the city Saint John. It stretches along the coast of the Bay of Fundy for 11 km and covers an area of 243 hectares. There are beaches, marshlands, small islands, forests and hiking trails. Sea marches are a great place for bird watching, and offshore islands you can see seals and small whales – porpoises.
According to Naturegnosis.com, the main protected area of the Bay of Fundy is the National Park of Fundy., which is located about 150 km east of St. John near the fishing village of Alma. The park was founded in 1948. Now it occupies an area of 207 sq. km and includes the coast and coastal mountainous areas of Caledonia, covered with forests. A network of hiking trails with a total length of 120 km passes through the park, in addition, a sightseeing railway has been laid here. The most interesting routes stretch along the coast. Here, at low tide, you can look at the seabed, which at high tide was located at a depth of 9 m, watch birds and marine animals.
There are more than 20 waterfalls in the forests of the park. Campsites and motels are equipped for living in the park. Fundy National Park is one of the few parks in Canada where there are a wide variety of recreational opportunities. There are golf courses, tennis courts and even a swimming pool with warm sea water. You can also look at the coastal areas of the Bay of Fundy just to the west of St. John, driving along the Fundy toll road, which is laid along the western coast of the bay, or walking the 41 km Fundy trail. During the trip, visit the city of St. Stephen, where the Chocolate Museum is located, located in the building of a chocolate factory, which was opened by the Ganon brothers more than 100 years ago, visit the city of St. Andrew and its Kingsbrae Gardens, where you can relax with the whole family.