According to Abbreviationfinder, with population of 762,062, North Dakota is the 48th largest state among U.S. 50 states, and ND is the two letter abbreviation for North Dakota. Here, we provide a list of major rivers and mountains in the state of North Dakota.
Rivers in North Dakota
The James River, also called the Jim or simply the Dakota River, is a tributary of the Missouri River with a length of approx. 1,143 km. The James River rises relatively centrally in the state of North Dakota and flows south through the two Dakotas before it flows into the Missouri River near the city of Yankton on the border with Nebraska.
The Missouri River is a 4,130 km long tributary of the Mississippi and flows through the states of Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas and Missouri. This makes the Missouri longer than the actual Mississippi and could be described as the longest river in the USA. The Missouri is created by the confluence of the Jefferson River and Madison River in southwestern Montana. During the western expansion of the United States, the Missouri River played a vital role as a transportation route.
The Missouri River flows northwest into the state of North Dakota and later turns south. In North Dakota, the Missouri Garrison Dam is dammed up to Lake Sakakawea. In the southern part of North Dakota, the Missouri is dammed from Oahe Dam (South Dakota) to Lake Oahe.
The Red River has a length of approx. 877 km and is formed by the confluence of the Otter Tail River and the Bois de Sioux River. The river is also known as the Red River often north to separate it from the Red River, the tributary of the Mississippi. The Red River forms almost the entire border between the states of North Dakota and Minnesota. The river flows into Lake Winnepeg in Manitoba, Canada.
The Sheyenne River is an approx. 950 km long tributary of the Red River and runs completely in the eastern part of North Dakota. The source of the river is near Mcclusky and the confluence with the Red River is near Fargo.
Mountains in North Dakota
The state of North Dakota is relatively flat. Higher elevations can be found in the southwestern part, the so-called Badlands. It is also home to the state’s highest elevation, the White Butte.
The White Butte is the highest elevation in the state of North Dakota at 1,069 m. The White Butte is on private property, but can still be visited. At the beginning of the hiking trail leading to the summit there is a donation box in which the visitor should give $ 5. These donations are intended to preserve the environment. The landscape surrounding the White Butte has been “smoothed” over a long period of time by glacier movements and thus offers the visitor spectacular views of the “flat” landscape from the White.
Lakes and reservoirs in North Dakota
Devils Lake is located in northeastern North Dakota and covers an area of approximately 9,900 km². This makes Devils Lake the largest natural lake and the second largest lake in North Dakota after Lake Sakakawea. Devils Lake is a popular local recreation area and is considered one of the best places in the world to fish for perch.
Lake Oahe is centrally located in northern South Dakota and has been dammed up by the Oahe Dam since 1963. With a maximum extension of 1,453 km², Lake Oahe is the fourth largest reservoir in the USA. In addition to the generation of energy, the Oahe dam is also used for flood control. Due to its enormous size, it has a coastline of approximately 3,600 km, there are over 50 designated recreation areas on its banks.
Lake Sakakawea is the third largest lake in the USA and the largest lake in North Dakota with an area of approximately 317,400 km². The lake, located in the western part of the state, has been created since 1956 by the Missouri River being dammed by the Garrison Dam. Lake Sakakawea State Park is also located at the southern end of the lake.