According to Abbreviationfinder, with population of 6,045,680, Maryland is the 19th largest state among U.S. 50 states, and MD is the two letter abbreviation for Maryland. Here, we provide a list of major rivers and mountains in the state of Maryland.
Rivers in Maryland
The Susquehanna River is approximately 715 km long and flows through the states of Pennsylvania, New York and Maryland. The Susquehanna River is made up of two source rivers. The northern one flows from Otsego Lake in New York State, it is the longer of the two source rivers, and the southern one rises in western Pennsylvania. The two source rivers combine at the city of Northumberland. The now united Susquehanna River flows from there in a southeasterly direction towards its mouth at Havre de Grace in the Atlantic. However, the water quality of the Susquehanna River leaves much to be desired due to the strong animal husbandry and the fertilization of the fields.
The Potomac River originates in the Fairfax Stone Historical Monument State Park in West Virginia and flows into Chesapeake Bay near Maryland and Virginia. It forms the border between Washington and Virginia and between Maryland and Virginia, where the great Potomac waterfalls are located. It is approximately 650 km long, has a 7,000 km² catchment area and is the twenty-one largest river in the United States.
The Patuxent River has a length of approx. 182 km and flows exclusively through the state of Maryland. It is one of the largest rivers in Maryland and the largest that flows exclusively in Maryland. The source area of the Patuxent River is in the region of the Piedmont, a hilly area upstream of the Appalachian Mountains. From there, the Patuxent River flows principally to the south towards its mouth into Chesapeake Bay.
Mountains in Maryland
The Appalachian Mountains (German: Appalachian Mountains) represent the largest forested low mountain range in the eastern part of the USA. The Appalachian Mountains extend over a length of approx. 2,400 km and extend from Canada, or the Canadian province of Québec, to the northern part of the State of Alabama. The mountain range is around 400 million years older than the Atlantic and is one of the older mountain ranges in the world. The Appalachian Mountains can be roughly divided from west to east. The easternmost part is called the Appalachian Plateau. This is followed by the Valley and Ridge Zone. The Blue Ridge Mountains are located to the east. The so-called Piedmont forms the hilly eastern end. The highest elevation of the Appalachian Mountains is Mount Mitchell in North Carolina with a height of approx. 2,037 m.
The Appalachian Mountains were the first natural border for western expansion for the first settlers. In 1763 Great Britain decided the Appalachian Mountains as the border for the white settlement of North America. But as early as the 1770s, this proclamation became obsolete with the settlement of Kentucky.
The Appalachian Mountains are economically significant due to their hard coal deposits. There is also iron ore in the Appalachian Mountains. Recent discoveries of natural gas in the region are opened up by fracking and represent a threat to nature that should not be underestimated.
The beautiful nature of the Appalachian Mountains to this day also makes it a popular recreation area. With the approx.3,500 km long Appalachian National Scenic Trail, one of the longest and best-known long-distance hiking trails in the world runs through the Appalachian Mountains. The Appalachian Mountains served as the filming location and backdrop for numerous films. For example, scenes from the films 28 Days and Blair Witch Project were created here.
The Appalachian Mountains are located in the following countries, provinces, and states:
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Nova Scotia
- New Brunswick
- New Hampshire
- new York
- West Virginia
- New Jersey
- North Carolina
- South Carolina
The Hoye-Crest is the highest mountain in the state of Maryland with a height of approx. 1,020 m. The Hoye-Crest is located in the far northwest of Maryland, near the West Virginia border. There is a marker on the top of Hoye-Crest. This gives exact information about the survey, such as the name after Captain Charles E. Hoye. The Hoye-Crest is located in the Allegheny Mountains.
Lakes in Maryland
Because of Chesapeake Bay, Maryland Lakes are less important as a place for recreation and excursions. The most important is Deep Creek Lake. This lake in the northwest is the furthest away from Chesapeake Bay.
Deep Creek Lake
The Deep Creek Lake in northwest Maryland is the largest lake in Maryland with an area of 16 km². The 111 km of shoreline invite visitors to all imaginable water sports. The lake is a popular excursion area, especially for anglers.