Rivers and Mountains in Georgia

According to Abbreviationfinder, with population of 10,617,423, Georgia is the 8th largest state among U.S. 50 states, and GA is the two letter abbreviation for Georgia. Here, we provide a list of major rivers and mountains in the state of Georgia.

Rivers and Mountains in Georgia

Rivers in Georgia

Altamaha River
The Altamaha River is an approximately 220 km long river in the southeast of the state of Georgia, which separates a total of four counties. It emerges near Savannah from the confluence of the Oconee and the Ocmulgee River and ends at Brunswick, Georgia in the Atlantic. Its catchment area covers around 36,000 km², making the Altamaha River one of the largest rivers on the US East Coast. There is not a single dam on Altmaha and it is also one of the third cleanest freshwater inflows in the Atlantic Ocean from the United States. In 1991 the Altamaha River was designated a bio reserve. Many endangered species live in its area, which mainly consists of swamps and alluvial plains.

Coosa River
The Coosa River is an approximately 460 km river in the northeast of the state. The river is formed in the state of Georgia by the confluence of the Oostanaula River and the Etowah River. Near Montgomery it merges with the Tallapoosa River to form the Alabama River. The river is used by 7 dams to generate energy. Due to this intensive use and the associated influence on the natural course of the river, some species are threatened. In the past, the river was used intensively to transport people and goods. Life on this river and above all the shipping on it inspired EC Segar the creator of the well-known Popeye Comics.

Flint River
Together with the Apalachicola and Chattahoochee River, the Flint River forms the 50,000 km² ACF river system that begins in Georgia and ends in the Gulf of Mexico. The Flint River itself rises in the southeast of the state and runs along the Atlanta border through the Piedmont region towards the ocean. The Flint River is approximately 240 km long and is dammed at Jim Widruff Dam, between Georgia and Florida, along with the Chattahoochee River. The Flint River has been prone to flooding in the past and was named one of the most endangered rivers in the United States in 2009 for plans to build it up. So z. For example, the city of Macon, Albany State University and parts of Atlanta Airport have been evacuated several times.

Ochlockonee River
The Ochlockonee River has a length of approx. 332 km and originates in the state of Georgia near Gordy. The river enjoys special protection because many rare animal species live in and around it. The river is also very suitable for canoeing. The mouth of the Ochlockonee River is finally surfing in the Gulf of Mexico.

Ocmulgee River
The Oclmulgee River is formed near Atlanta from the confluence of the somewhat smaller Yellow, South and Alcovy rivers and flows into or forms the Altmaha together with the Oconee River. The Ocmulgee River is approximately 410 km long and is known for the unspoiled nature that surrounds it. Its name means “bubbling water”, although the Ocmulgee is known for its very calm course. In 1932 the world’s largest largemouth bass was fished in the Ocmulgee – the fish weighed more than 11 kg and the record has not been broken to date.

Oconee River
Like the Ocmulgee, the Oconee is a source river of the Altmaha River. The oconee is approximately 247 km long and originates in northern Hall County in Georgia. There, right in downtown Athens, the North and Middle Oconee flow into the great Oconee. Unfortunately, the river is not suitable for swimming because it is heavily polluted. This is due on the one hand to the large number of sediments that have accumulated there through construction and industry, but the main causes of pollution are coli bacteria and the outflow of fertilizers in the Oconee – mostly from Athens.

Savannah River
The Savannah River is located directly between the two states of Georgia and South Carolina whose main border he also forms. The Savannah River is approximately 484 km long. It rises in Lake Hartwell, where the Seneca and Tugaloo rivers flow, and takes its course towards the Atlantic Ocean. Furthermore, due to numerous height differences in the river system, the river is stowed twice at Richard B. Russel and J. Strom Thurmond Dam. The river flows through the two large cities of Savannah and Augusta, to whose economic development it contributed a large part in the 18th century. An Atlantic seaport near Savannah has existed since 1773 and today contributes most of the pollution of the entire river. The Savannah River is one of the most polluted rivers in the United States. The navigability of the Savannah River ends at Augusta,

Suwannee River
The Suwannee River is an approximately 426 km long river in the states of Georgia and Florida. The Suwannee River originates in the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge in Georgia. In Florida, the river flows through Falling Waters State Park. Here, the Suwannee River is the only waterfall in all of Florida. Another specialty of the river is the Suwannee River Wilderness Trail. This long-distance hiking trail runs along the river from Stephen Foster Folk Culture Center State Park to the confluence of the Suwannee River and the Gulf of Mexico.

Tallapoosa River
The Tallapoosa River originates in the Appalachian Mountains in the state of Georgia and flows from there to the south in the eastern part of Alabama. Near the city of Montgomery, it merges with the Coosa River to form the Alabama River. The Tallapoosa River is used by 4 dams to generate energy. The name of the river comes from the language of the creek and means something like “grandmother city”. From a tourist point of view, Lake Martin near Alexander City is particularly significant and is considered one of the major local recreation centers.

Mountains in Georgia

Brasstown Bald
With a height of almost 1,460 m above sea level, the Brasstown Bald is the highest elevation in the state of Georgia. It is located right on the North Carolina border. The Cherokee referred to him as Enotah, after whose village Basstown, located on Basston Creek, the mountain was named. The mountain belongs to the Blue Ridge Mountains, which are part of the Appalachian Mountains in the east of the country. It consists largely of dunite and soapstone. On clear days, you can even see the State Capitol Building in Atlanta from the lookout tower. The best way to get to the mountain is via the 180 Georgia State Route.

Lookout Mountain
The Lookout Mountain is a mountain in the border area of ​​the US states of Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee. The nearest town is Chattanooga (Tennessee). The mountain is in the Appalachian mountain range and has a height of 729 m. From the top of the mountain next to the city of Chattanooga, weather permitting, the states of Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee can be seen. Here you will also find Rock City and the Ruby Falls, waterfalls inside the mountain.

Lakes and reservoirs in Georgia

Hartwell Lake
Lake Hartwell is a reservoir in Georgia and South Carolina, which flows into the Tugaloo River and Seneca River and which flows over the Savannah River. It is a popular place for anglers, water sports enthusiasts and animal lovers, because Lake Hartwell is known for the distinctive flora and fauna that surrounds it. Its total bank length is approximately 1,600 km and it covers an area of ​​approximately 230 km². The average depth of the lake is about 14 m, at its deepest it measures 56 m. Not far from the two tributaries of the Savannah River is the Hartwell Dam. The construction of the dam ended in 1962. It was built by the US Army for the purpose of energy generation, navigation and of course flood protection, since B. Clemson University are below reservoir level.

Strom Thurmond Reservoir
The J. Strom Thurmond Lake, also known as Clarks Hill Lake, is a reservoir between Georgia and South Carolinalocated in the Savannah River Basin. It was built in 1952 with the construction of the J. Strom Thurmond Dam and is the second largest man-made lake east of the Mississippi River after Kentucky Lake. Its size is 288 km². The J. Strom Thurmond Reservoir is one of the most popular recreational areas in the southern United States. The lake is known for its fine water quality, from which not only humans but also a number of animal species benefit. Every year millions of people flock to the area and relax in the numerous parks and campsites. The J. Strom Thurmond dam is not far from the city of Augusta, which was first put into operation in 1954. He operates a 7-turbine waterworks that generates around 700,000,000 KWh annually.

Lake Chatuge
The beautiful Lake Chatuge with 212 km of bank length is located between Hiawassee, Gorgia and Heyesville, North Carolina. The lake, known for its clarity, is the ideal place for swimming, fishing, boating or camping. It is located in part in the Nanthala National Forest in North Carolina and is said to be one of the most picturesque lakes in the Tennessee Valley Authority water system, which includes the Hiawassee Dam, the Apalachia Dam and the Chatuge Dam. All three dams were built in 1940 for flood protection, but Chatuge is also known today as a small power generator for the area. The dam is approx. 44 m high, 870 m long and has a capacity of approx. 10,000 kilowatts.

Lake Seminole
Lake Seminole is a reservoir located on the state border of Georgia and Florida. The lake has an area of ​​152 km² and has been dammed up by the Jim Woodruff Dam since 1952. In addition to fishing, alligators live in the lake and the area around the lake is known as the goose hunting area.

Lake Sidney Lanier
Lake Sidney Lanier, Lake Lanier for short, is a reservoir in the northern part of the US state of Georgia, which was named after the poet Sidney Lanier. It was completed at the same time as the Buford Dam on the Chattahoochee River in 1956 and is fed, among other things, by the waters of the Chestatee River. The area of ​​the lake covers almost 150 km².

Walter F George Lake
The Walter F George Lake is located near Fort Gaines in southwestern Georgia. The river is part of the Chattahoochee River and annually attracts around 4 million visitors to the region together with its brother river, Lake George W. Andrews. Both lakes were built for the purpose of energy supply, but are now more known for the approx. 200 km² recreation area that surrounds them. The Walter F George Lake has an area of ​​almost 187 km² and 1030 coastline.

Weiss Lake
Lake Weiss is a 122 km² lake, which is located in the two states Alabama and Georgia (Floyed County). Lake Weiss’ water sources are the Coosa and the Chattooga River. The lake offers around 729 km of coastline and is a well-known fishing area. It is particularly attractive for crappie anglers because Lake Weiss is known to insiders as “Crappie Capital often he World”. But there are also other types of perch in the almost 20 m deep lake. The Weiss Dam dam of the same name was completed in 1961.

West Point Lake
West Point Lake is located in Troup and Heard County, Georgia and in Chambers County, Alabama. The 56 km long reservoir borders the Chattahoochee River, which is located exactly on the Georgia-Alabama border. West Point Lake was built for navigation and power generation, but also applies to flood control and water storage for periods of drought. Its depth measures a maximum of 20 m.