According to Abbreviationfinder, with population of 4,903,185, Alabama is the 24th largest state among U.S. 50 states, and AL is the two letter abbreviation for Alabama. Here, we provide a list of major rivers and mountains in the state of Alabama.
Rivers in Alabama
The Alabama River is an approximately 502 km long river which flows centrally through the state. The Alabama River is created by the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa River. At the end of its course, the Alabama River merges with the Tensaw River. The Alabama River has a strongly meandering river bed. In the past, the river has played a vital role in Alabama’s economic development. The river flows through areas that are very useful for agriculture and is still used for the transport of goods today, but not to the same extent as in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Coosa River is an approximately 460 km river in the northeast of the state. The river is formed in the state of Georgia by the confluence of the Oostanaula River and the Etowah River. Near Montgomery it merges with the Tallapoosa River to form the Alabama River. The river is used by 7 dams to generate energy. Due to this intensive use and the associated influence on the natural course of the river, some species are threatened. In the past, the river was used intensively to transport people and goods. Life on this river and above all the shipping on it inspired EC Segar the creator of the well-known Popeye Comics.
The Mobile River is formed by the confluence of the Alabama and the Tombigbee River approx. 80 km north of the city of Mobile. The river itself has a relatively short length of approximately 72 km, but the Mobile River catchment area is huge and extends to the neighboring states of Mississippi, Tennessee and Georgia. In southern Alabama, the river flows into Mobile Bay and thus into the Gulf of Mexico.
The Tallapoosa River originates in the Appalachian Mountains in the state of Georgia and flows from there to the south in the eastern part of Alabama. Near the city of Montgomery, it merges with the Coosa River to form the Alabama River. The Tallapoosa River is used by 4 dams to generate energy. The name of the river comes from the language of the creek and means “grandmother city”. From a tourist point of view, Lake Martin near Alexander City is particularly important and is considered one of the major local recreation centers.
The Tennessee River is 1,049 km long and is the longest tributary of the Ohio River. The Tennessee River flows in the US states of Tennessee, Kentucky, Mississippi and Alabama. The former name of the river was the Cherokee River. The Tennessee River is formed by the confluence of the Holston River and French Broad River in eastern Tennessee. The river initially flows in a southwesterly direction until it turns north on the border between Tennessee and Mississippi. The Tennessee River flows through the cities of Chattanooga, Deactur, Florence, Huntsville, Knoxville and Paducah. The Tennessee River flows into the Ohio River from the city of Paducah in Kentucky.
The Tombigbee River has a length of approx. 352 km and flows through western Alabama. However, the river originates in the state of Mississippi. The Tombigbee River together with the Alabama River form the Mobile River.
Mountains in Alabama
The Cheaha Mountain with a height of 735 m is the highest mountain in the state of Alabama and is located in the northeast of the state. The mountain is in the middle of Cheaha State Park and on the top of the mountain is a lookout tower that offers visitors a wonderful view of the entire region. Another easy-to-reach view is Bald Rock, located near the top of the mountain. The mountain also serves several radio and television stations as the perfect place for their transmitters to broadcast the respective program.
The Red Mountain is located south of Birmingham and has a height of 312 m. The mountain is home to numerous masts from Birmingham broadcasters. The mountain is particularly interesting from the Red Mountain Park.
The Sand Mountain is located in the northeast of the state of Alabama and is not a mountain in the actual sense but a range of hills extending in a southwesterly direction with an average height of approx. 457 m. Sand Mountain is the place in Alabama with the lowest annual temperature on average.
The Monte Sano has a height of approx. 494 m and is located in the north of the state of Alabama near the city of Huntsville. The name of the mountain means “mountain of health” which is due to its history as a recreation area. Even today, the mountain, or rather the Monte Sano State Park, offers itself as a recreation area.
The Lookout Mountain is a mountain in the border area of the US states of Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee. The nearest town is Chattanooga (Tennessee). The mountain is in the Appalachian mountain range and has a height of 729 m. From the top of the mountain next to the city of Chattanooga, weather permitting, the states of Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee can be seen. Here you will also find Rock City and the Ruby Falls, waterfalls inside the mountain.
Lakes and reservoirs in Alabama
Lake Jordan was formed in 1928 when the Coosa River was dammed by the Mitchell Dam. The lake has an area of 28 km² and a shoreline of 180 km. The lake is an excellent local recreation area and offers very good opportunities for fishing.
Lake Martin was formed in 1926 by the damming of the Tallapoosa River and was the largest reservoir in the world at the time. The lake covers an area of 178 km² and has a shoreline of 1,200 km. In addition to generating energy, the lake is also used as a local recreation area. Visitors to the lake spend their time fishing, boating, water skiing, playing golf and much more. Significant fishing competitions are held annually on the lake, as well as impressive Independence Day fireworks every July 4th.
Lake Mitchell was created in 1928 by the damming of the Coosa River. The lake has an area of approximately 23.6 km².
Lake Logan Martin
Lake Logan Martin was created in 1964 by the damming of the Coosa River. The lake covers an area of approx. 61.8 km² and is a popular recreation area and fishing area.