During pregnancy, the woman should perform some tests to track baby’s development and your health.
Prenatal care is indicated for all pregnant women because it will detect problems such as diabetes and hypertension.
The main examination during pregnancy is the ultrasound. It shows the sex of the fetus and also tells how is functional anatomy and health of the child.
Who determines the amount and the frequency of tests is your obstetrician.
A list of the most appropriate tests for each trimester of pregnancy has been developed for the two types of risk: low and high.
These directions were suggested from the Ministry of Health’s recommendations and interviews with three doctors: Alexandre Trajan, professor of Obstetrics at the State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Coordinator of the Center the same Perinatal institution and professor at the University of Grande Rio (Unigranrio); Rafael Bruns, a professor in the Department of Gynecology and obstetrics of Faculty of Medicine of the FEDERAL UNIVERSITY of PARANÁ; and Saraswathi Reis, Professor of the Department of Gynecology and obstetrics of the Faculdade de Medicina da UFMG.
These guidelines apply to pregnancies considered healthy — that is, without risk factors such as hypertension or diabetes.
Tests for a low-risk pregnancy
1st quarter
• Determination of blood group and Rh factor: predicts and prevents Erythroblastosis fetalis (blood incompatibility between the mother and the fetus). When the mother has the negative and Rh factor positive fetus, her antibodies attack the baby’s blood. Can be treated if diagnosed early. The examination is done with blood collection;
• Cbc: checks, amount and morphological aspects of the blood. It is important for the diagnosis of anemia;
• fasting glucose: detects whether there is a tendency of developing gestational diabetes. Fasting blood collection to determine the concentration of glucose in the blood;
• blood collection to search for the occurrence of hepatitis B, toxoplasmosis, HIV (the virus that causes AIDS), rubella and syphilis;
• urine test: evaluates the presence of urinary infection;
• Obstetric Ultrasound: is indicated to confirm the timing of pregnancy. Can also be used for prognosis of chromosomal diseases or deformities;
• Pap smear: to detect cancer of the uterine cervix. Here at Hawthornereviews you can get more different models of the pregnant fashion.
2nd quarter
• Repeat blood tests to evaluate the existence of syphilis and, if necessary, toxoplasmosis;
• blood collection to evaluate the fasting glucose is also remade, as well as the glucose tolerance test. Again, the goal is to assess whether there is a tendency of gestational diabetes;
• Obstetric Ultrasound morphology: in this phase, it is useful to analyze the formation of fetal organs.

3rd quarter
 are repeated blood tests such as CBC and serologies, that can detect hepatitis B, toxoplasmosis, HIV, rubella and syphilis;
 Obstetric Ultrasound: the final stretch, evaluates the fetal growth and signals complications such as malnutritionor overweight. Also monitors the volume of amniotic fluid and placenta conditions.
Tests for a high-risk pregnancy
In these cases, queries to the obstetrician tend to be more frequent. Prenatal care is essential for high risk pregnant, because it detects some potential complications in his own Office.
“You can identify risk conditions in their own examination of the pregnant woman, such as high levels of blood pressure, considered the main cause of serious complications for the woman and the baby,” says Professor Zilma Kings. The need for exams varies according to the problem presented. For example, if the patient is hypertensive, you can do a blood pressure monitoring. If you‘re diabetic, you need greater control of blood glucose , points out professor Rafael Bruns.
In order to avoid invasive procedures, the sonogram is agreat ally, especially to monitor the baby’s growth and development, and the amount of amniotic fluid. The ultrasound morphology is often recommended for women who have cases of congenital malformations in the family(or who have already had a son with such problems), for mothers with more than 35 years and in pregnancy with twins, among other cases. It is often done with 20 to 24 weeks gestation.
In some cases, you may need to undergo procedures such as chorionic villus sampling (taken from placental fragment) or amniocentesis (removal of amniotic fluid with a needle), in order to detect anomalies. Other tests, such as cardiotocography (record of the fetal heart rate anduterine contractions) and fetal dopplervelocimetria (measures the speed of the blood flow in the placenta), are also used in the monitoring of high-risk pregnancy, enumerates Trajan.
The first examination to be carried out by a pregnant woman is a pregnancy test. Despite tests in pharmacy, it is advisable to visit a doctor and performing the blood test for confirmation.
If the pregnancy is planned, ideally begin monitoring even before conception. That way, the woman makes sure that your health is good and that your body is able to facepregnancy without scaring.
Routine tests may vary according to the degree of risk of pregnancy. It includes, in addition to the tests requiredin the first trimester of pregnancy, periodic visits to the obstetrician. Generally, until the 28th week, monthly consultation; between the 28th and 36th, biweekly; and the 36thto 40th, weekly. If the pregnancy exceeds this period are made two appointments a week.
In all periods of the pregnancy tests are performed which give as are the elements that guarantee the quality of life of the baby at the time, as the amount of amniotic fluid and the formation of organs and tissues.